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Displaying records 366 through 366 of 2180
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Title: Challenges to the pipeline transportation of dense CO2
Category: Technical papers from the Journal of Pipeline Engineering
Downloadable: Yes 
Catalog No.: 2111s
Date of Publication: September, 2007
Price: $25.00 US
Authors: Hans A Bratfos, Bente Helen Leinum, Lars Even Torbergsen, and Odd Tore Saugerud
Abstract: OVER THE past decade, the prospect of climate change resulting from anthropogenic CO2 emissions to the atmosphere has become a matter of growing political and public concern. To achieve the global goals of reduction in CO2 emissions, carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been introduced as one of the most promising methods. One of the initiatives in this direction is the Norwegian government’s decision to capture CO2 at the Kårstø gas power plant for permanent storage in a subsea aquifer in the North Sea.

While both the capture and the storage issues have received considerable attention in the debate of how to realize CCS, the transportation has been regarded as fairly trivial. There are, however, several important technical issues to be resolved related to pipeline transport of dense CO2, and some of these are highlighted in DNV’s report to the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) as input to its feasibility study of the Kårstø CCS concept. Such issues are limitation of gas humidity to avoid corrosion of C-Mn steel pipes, severity of accidental entrance of wet gas, toughness requirements to ensure fracture arrest properties under a release of dense CO2, corrosivity of reproduced CO2 from enhanced oil recovery (EOR) reservoirs, and procedures for requalification of oil and gas pipelines for transport of dense CO2.

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