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Title: Bamboo pipelines in ancient China (and now?)
Downloadable: Yes 
Catalog No.: 2165s
Date of Publication: Jun 1 2009 12:00AM
Price: $25.00 US
Authors: Jiexin Zheng and Professor Andrew Palmer
Abstract: LONG AGO, China began to develop a system of bamboo flowlines around the city of Zigong (Figs 1 and 2). The motivation for this extraordinary development was production of salt brine and natural gas from the thick beds of salt that underlie the Sichuan Basin. The earliest wells were hand-excavated, but in about 1000 AD the Chinese invention of cable-tool drilling enabled much greater depths to be reached, culminating in the Shenghai well, which reached 1001m in 1835, and the technology was later copied in North America, first for water wells and later for oil wells.


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2. S.A.M.Adshead, 1992. Salt and civilisation. Macmillan.
3. H.U.Vogel. Salt production and mining: interfaces of production techniques and concepts of Nature in traditional China.
4. J.Huang, L.G.Cheng, and J.S.Sun, 2005. A city with salt wells everywhere. Guangxi Normal University Press.
5. C.Zhong, and J.Huang, 1997. Drilling and gas recovery technology in ancient China. Salt Museum, Zigong, China.
6. J.Needham, 1956. Science and civilisation in China. Cambridge University Press.
7. O.Kuhn, 2004. Ancient Chinese drilling. Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Recorder, 29, 39-43.
8. R.Austin and K.Ueda, 1970. Bamboo. Weatherhill, New York.

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